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Kinnelon is a borough in Morris County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough’s population was 10,248, reflecting an increase of 883 (+9.4%) from the 9,365 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 895 (+10.6%) from the 8,470 counted in the 1990 Census. It is a low-density, suburban community, with many parks and trails.
Kinnelon was formed as a borough by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 20, 1922, from portions of Pequannock Township, based on the results of a referendum passed on March 21, 1922. The borough’s name cones from Francis S. Kinney, who purchased 5,000 acres (2,000 ha) of land in the 1880s for an estate that included Lake Kinnelon, and built St. Hubert’s Chapel in 1886 on an island in the lake.
Kinnelon is located at WikiMiniAtlas 40°59′02″N 74°23′07″W (40.983803,-74.385388). According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 19.186 square miles (49.693 km2), of which, 17.987 square miles (46.587 km2) of it is land and 1.199 square miles (3.106 km2) of it (6.25%) is water.
The borough is home to Silas Condict County Park, which covers 1,000 acres (400 ha) and was dedicated in 1964. Tripod Rock is located in Kinnelon’s Pyramid Mountain Natural Historical Area, portions of which are located in the borough. Its largest lake is Lake Kinnelon, which is within Smoke Rise, a private gated community of 900 homes located on 3,000 acres (1,200 ha).
Splitrock Reservoir is 625 acres (2.53 km2) of wilderness, located on the borders of Kinnelon and Rockaway Township.
At the 2010 United States Census, there were 10,248 people, 3,472 households, and 2,927 families residing in the borough. The population density was 569.7 inhabitants per square mile (220.0 /km2). There were 3,600 housing units at an average density of 200.1 per square mile (77.3 /km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 93.05% (9,536) White, 0.91% (93) Black or African American, 0.05% (5) Native American, 4.26% (437) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 0.51% (52) from other races, and 1.22% (125) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.08% (418) of the population.
There were 3,472 households of which 41.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 74.4% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 15.7% were non-families. 12.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.95 and the average family size was 3.24.
In the borough, 27.2% of the population were under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 19.0% from 25 to 44, 35.1% from 45 to 64, and 12.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.5 years. For every 100 females there were 99.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.8 males.
The Census Bureau’s 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $129,664 (with a margin of error of +/- $11,416) and the median family income was $144,318 (+/- $7,698). Males had a median income of $98,094 (+/- $7,382) versus $71,886 (+/- $9,897) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $56,826 (+/- $3,939). About 1.4% of families and 1.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.4% of those under age 18 and 0.8% of those age 65 or over.
Kinnelon is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The government consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at large. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year.
The Kinnelon Public Schools serves approximately 2,200 students in grades K-12. Schools in the district (with 2010-11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Kiel School for grades PreK-2 (381 students), Stonybrook School or grades 3-5 (406 students), Pearl R. Miller Middle School for grades 6-8 (534 students) and Kinnelon High School (530 students).
Our Lady of the Magnificat School, a Catholic school that had been operated since 1964 under the auspices of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Paterson, closed after the 2009-10 school year in the face of declining enrollment and increasing deficits that the parish could no longer sustain.